Reading Terms

As a reading teacher I sometimes forget to explain certain reading terms that are used to describe a child as a reader.  Here are a few terms that teachers might use to describe your child as a reader:

DRA:  Every child in Kindergarten-3rd grade is assessed on the Developmental Reading Assessment.   This assessment is administered one-on-one by their classroom teacher.  The goal for this assessment is as follows:

  • Kindergarten: 2nd trimester: DRA level 2, 3rd trimester: DRA level 4
  • 1st grade: 1st trimester: DRA level 8, 2nd trimester: DRA level 12, 3rd trimester: DRA level 16
  • 2nd grade: 1st trimester: DRA level 20, 2nd trimester: DRA level 28, 3rd trimester: DRA level 30
  • 3rd grade: 1st trimester: DRA level 34, 3rd trimester: DRA level 38

MAP:  The Measure of Academic Progress, is a computerized adaptive test which helps teachers, parents, and administrators improve learning for all students and make informed decisions to promote a child’s academic growth.  Our students take both the reading and math test 3 times a year.

Read by Grade 3:  This law currently impacts our current Kindergarten and 1st grade students.  For more information visit the State of Nevada Department of Education’s website.

Phonological Awareness:  Phonological Awareness is the foundation of reading.  If a student struggles with phonological awareness in Kindergarten and 1st grade these students will continue to struggle as readers until these holes are filled.  For more information visit Reading Rocket’s website.

 CVC words:  This term is used for Consonant Vowel Consonant words (cat, mop, fin).

High-Frequency Words:  85% of all words read are high-frequency words.  If a child struggles with identifying high-frequency words their fluency and overall comprehension will suffer.

Fluency:  Once a reader has mastered phonics skills, fluency can be measured by reading accurately, with expression, and quickly.  For more information visit Reading Rocket’s website.

Comprehension:   This is the ultimate goal for reading, no matter what level.  Make sure everything being read is connected to comprehension.  For more information visit Read Rocket’s website.


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  • 1479 Stephanie Way Minden, NV
  • 775-267-3622
  • 775-267-3622